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by אוקיי כרטיס
אוקיי כרטיס
אמילי
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by Shachar Adam
Shachar Adam
ChatGPT 3.5 User What is Lime in XAI? ChatGPT In the context of Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI), Lime stands for "Local Interpretable Model-agnostic Explanations." It's a technique used to explain the predictions of machine learning models by approximating their decision boundaries locally around specific instances. Lime generates interpretable explanations by fitting simpler models, such as linear models, to perturbed versions of the original data points and observing how the predictions change. This helps users understand why a model made a particular prediction for a given instance. User How does this work? ChatGPT Lime works by creating perturbations or variations of the original input data and observing how these variations affect the model's predictions. Here's a simplified explanation of how it works: Select Instance: Choose the instance (data point) for which you want to explain the model's prediction. Generate Perturbations: Perturb or slightly modify the features of the selected instance to create new data points. These perturbations could involve adding noise, masking certain features, or making small changes to the original data. Predictions: Use the machine learning model to predict the outcomes for each of the perturbed data points. Fit Interpretable Model: Fit an interpretable model (such as a linear model) to the perturbed data points, where the features and their variations are used as input, and the corresponding model predictions are used as output. Weighting: Weight the importance of each perturbed data point based on how similar it is to the original instance. This weighting is often based on a similarity measure like cosine similarity or Euclidean distance. Interpretation: Analyze the coefficients or weights of the interpretable model to understand the influence of different features on the model's prediction for the selected instance.
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by Shachar Adam
Shachar Adam
ChatGPT 3.5 User What is Lime in XAI? ChatGPT In the context of Explainable Artificial Intelligence (XAI), Lime stands for "Local Interpretable Model-agnostic Explanations." It's a technique used to explain the predictions of machine learning models by approximating their decision boundaries locally around specific instances. Lime generates interpretable explanations by fitting simpler models, such as linear models, to perturbed versions of the original data points and observing how the predictions change. This helps users understand why a model made a particular prediction for a given instance. User How does this work? ChatGPT Lime works by creating perturbations or variations of the original input data and observing how these variations affect the model's predictions. Here's a simplified explanation of how it works: Select Instance: Choose the instance (data point) for which you want to explain the model's prediction. Generate Perturbations: Perturb or slightly modify the features of the selected instance to create new data points. These perturbations could involve adding noise, masking certain features, or making small changes to the original data. Predictions: Use the machine learning model to predict the outcomes for each of the perturbed data points. Fit Interpretable Model: Fit an interpretable model (such as a linear model) to the perturbed data points, where the features and their variations are used as input, and the corresponding model predictions are used as output. Weighting: Weight the importance of each perturbed data point based on how similar it is to the original instance. This weighting is often based on a similarity measure like cosine similarity or Euclidean distance. Interpretation: Analyze the coefficients or weights of the interpretable model to understand the influence of different features on the model's prediction for the selected instance.
לפני חודשיים
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by Shachar Adam
Shachar Adam
Grid Search יכול להתעסק בהרבה ערכים של פרמטר לא חשוב ולא משפיע במיוחד כי אין לו איזשהו מידע. לעומת זאת, Random Search: See the latest updates to the Gemini Apps Privacy HubOpens in a new window Conversation with Gemini profile picture Can you explain what Lora is in AI and expand on that please? How does that work? I have some background if that helps Absolutely, let's delve into LoRA (Low-Rank Adaptation) in AI. It's a technique for fine-tuning large language models (LLMs) efficiently. Here's the gist: Traditional fine-tuning involves retraining the entire LLM, which can be computationally expensive and time-consuming. LoRA takes a different approach. It focuses on adapting only specific parts of the LLM's neural network. Imagine tweaking dials instead of rebuilding the whole engine. Here's how it works: Rank Decomposition: LoRA breaks down the original weights of the LLM into two smaller matrices. These matrices have a lower "rank," meaning they contain less information compared to the original weights. Lightweight Learning: Instead of retraining the massive original weights, LoRA trains these new, smaller matrices. This significantly reduces the computational cost and memory requirements. Targeted Adaptation: By modifying these smaller matrices, LoRA can fine-tune the LLM for specific tasks or domains. It's like adjusting those dials we mentioned earlier to achieve a desired outcome. Benefits of LoRA: Faster Training: LoRA trains much faster than traditional fine-tuning, making it ideal for rapid experimentation and deployment. Memory Efficiency: The smaller size of the matrices translates to lower memory requirements, allowing you to train and run LLMs on devices with limited resources. Smaller Model Size: LLMs with LoRA can be significantly smaller than their traditionally fine-tuned counterparts, making them easier to store and share. Real-world Applications: Task-Specific LLMs: LoRA can be used to create LLMs specialized for tasks like writing different kinds of creative content, translating languages, or generating different artistic styles. On-Device AI: The efficiency of LoRA makes it possible to run LLMs on devices with limited processing power, paving the way for on-device AI assistants and applications. If you have some background in machine learning, you might be interested in the technical details of matrix decomposition and how it's used in LoRA. There are research papers and resources available online that delve deeper into this aspect [arxiv.org]. Overall, LoRA is a promising technique with the potential to revolutionize the way we train and deploy LLMs. It offers significant advantages in terms of speed, efficiency, and memory footprint, making it a valuable tool for researchers and developers working with AI. profile picture Why does random search handle unimportant variables better than grid search? You're right, random search can often outperform grid search when dealing with unimportant variables in your data. Here's why: Grid Search's Downfall: Curse of Dimensionality: Grid search evaluates every possible combination of values for each variable. As the number of variables increases (especially unimportant ones), the number of combinations explodes exponentially. This becomes computationally expensive and inefficient, especially if many variables have little impact on the final outcome. Focus on Extremes: Grid search considers all predefined values within a range for each variable. If an unimportant variable has a wide range, grid search might waste time evaluating irrelevant combinations that have little to no effect on the model's performance. Random Search's Advantage: Efficient Exploration: Random search samples different combinations of values for all variables, including unimportant ones. By randomly sampling, it avoids the exponential explosion of grid search and focuses on exploring the parameter space more efficiently. Less Sensitive to Unimportant Variables: Since unimportant variables likely have little impact on the model's performance, random search is less likely to get stuck evaluating irrelevant combinations involving them. It can quickly identify good performing regions without getting bogged down by unimportant details. However, random search isn't a silver bullet: No Guarantees: Unlike grid search, random search doesn't guarantee finding the absolute best hyperparameter combination. It relies on random sampling, so there's always a chance of missing the optimal point. Tuning Number of Iterations: You need to determine the number of random samples (iterations) for random search. Too few, and you might miss good solutions. Too many, and it might become inefficient compared to grid search for small datasets. Here's a good rule of thumb: For problems with many variables, especially if you suspect many are unimportant, start with random search. Its efficiency and robustness towards unimportant variables make it a good initial exploration tool. If achieving the absolute best hyperparameters is crucial, or if the number of variables is small, you can consider grid search. However, be prepared for potentially high computational cost, especially with many variables. There are also more advanced hyperparameter optimization techniques like Bayesian optimization that can be even more efficient than random search, especially when dealing with complex models and expensive evaluations. profile picture How does random search work? Can you remind me? Show drafts Certainly! Here's a breakdown of how random search works in hyperparameter tuning for machine learning: Define the Search Space: You specify the ranges or distributions of possible values for each hyperparameter you want to optimize. This defines the area where the search will happen. Random Sampling: The algorithm randomly samples a set of hyperparameter combinations from the defined search space. Each combination represents a potential configuration for your machine learning model. Evaluation: Each randomly chosen hyperparameter combination is used to train and evaluate a machine learning model. This involves training the model on your data and then measuring its performance on a separate validation set. Iteration and Selection: The process of random sampling, evaluation, and keeping track of the best performing model (based on the chosen evaluation metric) is repeated for a predefined number of iterations. Best Performing Model: After the iterations are complete, the model configuration with the best performance on the validation set is considered the "winner." This model with its corresponding hyperparameter combination is considered the best result from the random search.
לפני חודשיים
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by Shachar Adam
Shachar Adam
TP חלקי TP+FP
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